Garden of the Greek Gods

Just to the south of the Horticulture Building, now the Toronto Event Centre, stand twenty magnificent stone sculptures depicting ancient Gods of Greek mythology. Known as The Garden of the Greek Gods, the works were created by the late Toronto artist Elford Bradley Cox (1914-2003).

Cox carved the sculptures from huge blocks of limestone, using an air hammer and chisels. Among them are Medusa, Pan, Orpheus, Centaur, Minotaur, and many more. Hercules is the tallest, at over 3 metres.

The Gods’ first home, in 1964, was among the trees and trails of the Georgian Peaks ski resort. In 1976, they became a popular attraction at the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair. Two years later, Greek-born restaurateur Arthur Carmen purchased the collection from Cox and donated it to the City of Toronto for permanent public display at Exhibition Place.

E.B. Cox is widely acknowledged as Canada’s foremost sculptor in stone. He always intended that the Gods be in an outdoor setting, and encouraged children to climb upon them. His many works can be found throughout the city and province, as well as in public and private collections and galleries worldwide.

For further information about the Garden of the Greek Gods, please contact Exhibition Place Records and Archives, JEdwards@explace.on.ca, 416-263-3676.

Aphrodite

Goddess of love, also known as Venus, born of the sea she reached shore riding a scallop shell.

Boy on a Dolphin

Many stories come down from antiquity of children having dolphins for playmates and sailors being helped to shore by dolphins.

Centaur

One of a jolly race of creatures, half man, half horse, who lived in the forest of ancient Greece and were very hard to catch.

Cerberus

This savage three-headed dog guarded the gates of Hades, to keep good people out and bad people in.

Cyclops

One of the race of giant one-eyed men who herded sheep for a living. They were finally done in by Hercules after a fierce struggle.

Harpies

These bird women were the embodiment of conscience and tore at the hearts of evil-doers.

Hercules

The mighty hero of ancient Greece. The Gods tested him with 12 labours. He is seen here after slaying the Nemean lion.

Hydra

A monstrous dragon with nine heads originally – however if one head was cut off, two heads grew in its place. This one has 14 heads so figure how many heads were cut off?

Medusa

One of three gorgons, with hair of snakes, whose glance changed all who looked at her into stone

Mermaid

A sea nymph having the body of a woman and the tail of a fish. Here she holds a merbaby and a young dolphin.

Minotaur

Half bull, half man, he guarded the maze for the king of Crete until vanquished by the Greek prince Theseus.

Narcissus

A handsome young man who pined away for the love of his own reflection, finally turning into the flower of the same name.

Orpheus

He charmed the creatures of the forest with his wonderful playing of the lyre and his heavenly singing.

Pan

The elusive god of the forest, half man, half goat, full of fun and games. He invented the reed pipes and filled the woods with their sounds.

Phoenix

After living in the desert for 500 years, this bird was consumed by fire. It rose anew from its own ashes and is the symbol of eternal life.

Sea Horse

These creatures appeared on the surface of the Mediterranean as whitecaps. In large groups they could stir up quite a storm if the wind was right.

Sphinx

A strange creature with claws of a bird and the body and tail of a lion. This woman would devour passing travelers if they could not answer her riddle right away

Three Graces

These beauties were judged by Paris and the most beautiful of them received the golden apple.

Triton

He ruled the seas and by blowing on his conch shell could either stir up the waves or calm a storm.

Typhon

Supposed to be a fearsome creature, half man, half snake. This last surviving specimen doesn’t seem so very fierce.

Aphrodite

Boy on a Dolphin

Centaur

Cerberus

Cyclops

Harpies

Hercules

Hydra

Medusa

Mermaid

Minotaur

Narcissus

Orpheus

Pan

Phoenix

Sea Horse

Sphinx

Three Graces

Triton

Typhon

Aphrodite
Boy on a Dolphin
Centaur
Cerberus
Cyclops
Harpies
Hercules
Hydra
Medusa
Mermaid
Minotaur
Narcissus
Orpheus
Pan
Phoenix
Sea Horse
Sphinx
Three Graces
Triton
Typhon